Hungary possesses coal geological reserves in 9 bln tons, from which lignite counts for 60%, sub-bituminous coal for 25% and bituminous coal for 15%. Commercial reserves count for 197 mln tons of bituminous coal and 3.1 bln tons of lignite and sub-bituminous coal. There are small reserves of coking coal in Mecek Mountains.
Coal doesn't play significant role in the country's energy production - coal-fired power plants produce only 15% of the energy - so Hungary constantly reduced coal production; at the Communist era the nation produced up to 29 mtpa of coal, while now it extracts only 9-10 mtpa. Currently 100% of coal production is presented with lignite and sub-bituminous coal, while Hungary closed its last bituminous coalmine in 2003.
Currently there are 2 operable open pit mines and 1 underground mine - all producing lignite and sub-bituminous coal. Hungary exports 400 ktpa of lignite and sub-bituminous coal in neighboring countries, and imports 2.7-3 mtpa of anthracite and bituminous coal (including coking coal for its coke-chemical facilities).